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Brick terminology


Smooth Textured Brick

A smooth brick is a wire cut brick that are consistent in character.

Sandfaced Textured Brick

A sandfaced textured brick is where a coating of sand is sprayed onto a smooth textured brick before being fired in the kilns.


A wirecut brick is the most commonly manufactured brick in the UK. A brick die has the clay extruded through, with each brick individually cut before being fired in a kiln. The aesthetics of the brick have sharp edges and are uniform in size.

Light Textured Brick

A light textured brick is where a uniform brick, most commonly a smooth texture or sandface textured brick, has a light texture finish added to the face. The texture can be made using blades or rollers to create a random dragfaced or indented look.

Heavy Textured Brick

A heavy textured brick use slop clay to create a rough texture look.


A tumbled textured brick is a more cost effective way of achieving a reclaimed look, with a new brick. This texture is achieved by simply tumbling wire cut bricks in a large cylinder during manufacturing, to create a irregular and distressed looking brick.

Stock Bricks

A stock textured brick looks like a typical brick, except it has a slightly more irregular shape and texture. Using the same soft mud and techniques that bricks were originally used over several hundred years ago, meaning each brick is unique. The manufacturing process is labour intensive which creates a premium looking brick.


The mortar is the cement used to bond each brick together in a wall. The mortar can come in a variety of colours to suit the aesthetics of the building.

Reclaimed Brick

A reclaimed brick is a brick that has been recycled from a previous wall or building. When the building has been taken down, each brick has been dismantled and cleaned.

Cut and bonded bricks.

Cut and bonded bricks are used where time is of the essence, and the manufacturing lead times of special shaped bricks do not work with the project timetable. This process is taking two or three brick units, and cutting them to specific shapes or angles and bonding them together to create a bespoke special shape.

Glazed Bricks.

A glazed brick is a brick with a matt or gloss finish in a variety of colours. Generally speaking, these bricks are used for aesthetic purposes.

London Brick

It has been over 130 years since the original London brick was used in construction of new houses. Now over 5 million properties use the London Brick. Available in both 65mm and 73mm, there are over 25 different types to choose from.

Imperial Size

An imperial size brick is a larger sized brick at 73mm or 75mm as an alternative to a reclaimed brick.

Special Shapes

Special shape bricks are accessories to all facing bricks. These are used to give a finish or add an angle in the wall.

Handmade Brick

A handmade brick is manufactured by hand, with a worker throwing clay by hand into a mould. This creates unique creases and characteristics.

Engineering Bricks

Engineering bricks, as the name suggests, have high compressive strength and low water absorption properties, making them ideal for engineering and building projects below ground or external facing. Engineering bricks come in classes of A, B and C and are available in stocks of red and blue.

Common Bricks

Common bricks are the opposite of engineering bricks. They have low compressive strength and water absorption. They should be used internally only as they are not suitable for being installed below ground or externally.

Frogged Common Brick

A frogged common brick is a common brick that has a common coloured base with a different colour added to the face. In the brick industry, a forged common is associated with flettons or LBC faced commons.

Facing Bricks

A facing brick is what makes a building or wall look unique. They are designed to be used externally to provide a face to the brick. These are the most commonly used and are available in a variety of colours and sizes.


A waterstruck textured brick is a solid brick which is removed from the mould by water, to create a smooth and lipped edge.

Air Bricks

An air brick is a brick that sits within the wall with vents to allow for air flow in and out of the building.

Flush Joints

A flush joint is where the mortar sits flush with the front of the brick.

Bucket Handle

This joint is similar to a flush joint, except with a concave finish.

Recessed Joints

A recessed joint is where the edge of the mortar is set back to create a shadow effect from the brickwork.

Weathered Struck Joints

The weathered struck joint has the top of the mortar pushed back into the brickwork, creating a diagonal finish.

Weathered Struck and cut joints

The Weathered Struck and Cut Joints is similar to the Weathered Struck Joints except where the bottom of the mortar overhangs the brickwork by 2mm.


Bond is the term used for the material that sits above, below and to the side of a brick which holds the bricks in place.

Stretcher Bond

The most commonly found bond is the stretcher bond. This offsets each brick by a half and is the easiest to lay with minimal waste.

English Bond

This bond uses different courses of headers and stretchers, to create a solid wall. It is easy to lay and gives a strong bond for a one-brick-thick wall.

Flemish Bond

If you lay each course with alternative headers and stretchers, you have a Flemish bond. The course above and below is offset with the header sitting in the middle of the stretcher below and above.

Header Bond

To create a curve in the brickwork, the same principle as a stretcher bond is used, except with headers.

Stack Bond

A stack bond is where all joints run vertically with the stretchers stacked on top of one another.


t: 01708 200 304

t: 01708 200 304